Childhood Vaccination Schedule

Childhood Vaccination
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Most parents feel that child vaccination and immunization are painful for their children, but experts claim that these shots are essential in preventing dangerous diseases from manifesting.

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Parents need to be aware of child vaccination schedules, so they have their children immunized at the right time.

Many vaccines have been developed to prevent chronic conditions such as measles, whooping cough, polio, hepatitis, pneumococcal disease, Hib meningitis, mumps, and meningococcal disease.

Importance of vaccinations

Due to how fragile they are, children are easily exposed to infections and diseases.  This is because babies’ immune system – which helps fight against pathogens – isn’t completely developed.

Nevertheless, some pathogens are stronger than others and can devastate the immune system, especially in children, causing them to fall sick.

Generally, the pathogens that aren’t recognized by the body can become problematic. Vaccine shots for children help their immune system to identify harmful organisms and quickly expel them.

Reasons to have your child vaccinated

  • We want to do what we can to keep our children healthy and protected from preventable diseases as parents. The only way to ensure this is to be vaccinated
  • Vaccinations are safe, but to ensure that they are effective, all vaccines undergo extensive and thorough evaluations by scientists, physicians, and the government
  • Pediatric associations like the “Centers for Disease Control and Prevention” and the “Indian Academy of Pediatrics” strongly recommend the prescribed vaccines to protect children
  • Vaccination prevents children from illnesses and serious complications. These diseases, in the absence of vaccination, may lead to conditions such as limb paralysis, hearing loss, convulsions, arm or leg amputation, brain injury, or even death
  • While vaccination has contributed to a sharp decrease in many infectious diseases, some of them are still very widespread in other countries. Foreign travelers can bring them to your country. If children are not vaccinated, travelers or while traveling alone may infect them with one of these diseases
  • It could cause an epidemic of preventable diseases if many parents decide not to vaccinate their kids. For child healthcare, such an outbreak can turn out to be catastrophic
  • If children are not vaccinated, other young children, babies that are too small to be vaccinated, or people with low immunity, such as cancer patients, may also become affected
Age
(completed
weeks/months/years)
VaccinesDosesContent Tag
BirthBacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG)
Oral polio vaccine (OPV 0)
Hepatitis B (Hep – B1)
1
1
1
BCG
OPV
Hep -B
6 weeksDiphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis vaccine (DTP 1)
Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV** 1)
Hepatitis B  (Hep – B2)
Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib 1)
Rotavirus 1
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV 1)
1
1
1
1
1
1
DTP
IPV
Hep -B
Hib
Rotavirus
PCV
10 weeksDiphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis vaccine (DTP 2)
Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib 2)
Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV** 2)
Hepatitis B  (Hep – B3)
Rotavirus 2
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV 2)
1
1
1
1
1
1
DTP
Hib
IPV
Hep -B
Rotavirus
PCV
14 weeksDiphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis vaccine (DTP 3)
Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib 3)
Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV** 3)
Hepatitis B  (Hep* – B4)
Rotavirus 3****
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV 3)
1
1
1
1
1
1
DTP
Hib
IPV
Hep B
Rotavirus
PCV
6 monthsTyphoid Conjugate Vaccine (TCV#)1TCV
9 monthsMeasles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR – 1)1MMR
12 monthsHepatitis A (Hep – A1)
Influenza (Yearly)******
1
1
Hep -A
Influenza
15 monthsMeasles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR 2)
Varicella 1
Influenza (Yearly)******
PCV booster 1
1
1
1
1
MMR
Varicella
Influenza
PCV
16 to 18 monthsDiphtheria, Perussis, and Tetanus (DTP B1)
Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV*** B1)
Hepatitis A (Hep – A2*****)
Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib B1)
1
1
1
1
DTP
IPV
Hep -A
Hib
4 to 6 yearsDiphtheria, Perussis, and Tetanus (DTP B2)
Varicella 2
Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR 3/MMRV)
1
1
1
Vericella
MMR
Tdap
9 to 14 yearsTdap
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV 1 & 2)
1
1
Tdap
HPV
15 to 18 YearsTdap
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV 1,2 & 3)
1
1
Tdap
HPV
Vaccination chart

Negligence toward child vaccination

Vaccines are a healthy means of avoiding deadly illnesses in individuals. In recent years, however, some vaccine critics have questioned their protection and efficacy.

There are also some research findings making the rounds that connect autism to vaccines. There’s no credible evidence for this proposition, though. There is evidence, on the other hand, that vaccines have saved many lives.

Owing to such ‘reports,’ people often stop vaccinating their children. Some of us are also unaware that children need to be vaccinated against a particular illness, such as seasonal flu.

To keep our kids healthy, it is crucial to speak to doctors about the vaccines your child needs according to age.

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Things to keep in mind during child vaccination

  • Try to stick to the vaccination schedule for your child and never miss a vaccine. If a vaccine is lacking, call your pediatrician to determine whether it can be given later on
  • If your child has a fever, alert your doctor until vaccination. There might be a need for your doctor to reschedule
  • Often you will be given the option of painful or painless vaccines by the doctor. As parents, we want to stop causing our baby any harm. To make an educated decision, though, please explore the difference between painful and painless vaccines. The painless vaccine can have a faster waning time ( the immunity decreases faster) than the painful vaccine, as per studies
  • It is common for some vaccines to have a fever for a few days after they are given. To minimize your baby’s temperature, you can use a sponge bath. In case the fever lasts past 1-2 days, see your doctor
  • If necessary, take a family member or your partner along to assist you during your child’s vaccination. This will help distract the child before and after the shot is given and reassure them. To console them, bring your child’s favorite toy, blanket, etc
Childhood Vaccination
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Oluwafemi Michael
Oluwafemi Michael is an online Mental Health Therapist, Advocate for Mental Health Awareness, a programmer, and also a content creator from Edo state, Akoko-Edo LG.
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