An allergy is the response of the immune system if allergen gets into the body. Allergic reactions in infants should not be taken lightly as they tend to cause complications.
If an infant seems to have an allergic reaction, following are the steps to be taken.
Look For The Symptoms Of Allergic Reaction
It is mandatory to first make sure that the infant is indeed having an allergic reaction. Following are the common symptoms to look out for:
- Swelling of the face or lips along with rashes and hives breaking out on other parts of the body
- Occurrence of diarrhea, loss of appetite
- Crying inconsolably. Cough, runny nose, wheezing and breathing trouble
Determine The Source Of Allergy
This is a very important step as it will help to avoid such allergic reactions in future and also facilitate immediate treatment.
A baby may be allergic to almost anything, especially if there is a family history regarding allergies. At times when the infant is stung by a bee or bitten by a spider they experience anaphylactic shock.
If on taking a certain medication the infant experiences swelling of face and lips, this is a sigh of severe allergy to that kind of medication. An infant may experience food allergies which one of the most common form of allergies.
Such allergic reactions are detected every time the infant takes the particular kind of food they are allergic to. Such allergies lead to rashes, wheezing and also swelling of face and lips. The baby may also suffer from food intolerance.
This is a lot more subjective than a particular food allergy. The symptoms are tummy pain, diarrhea, bloating etc.
Treating Allergic Reaction
If the infant is found to have an allergic reaction, it is mandatory to consult the pediatrician. This is especially true if one is not sure of the cause of allergy.
Allergies tend to become severe and life threatening as they can end up blocking the child’s airways. So in such cases it is necessary to seek medical care as soon as possible.
If the child seems to be having a mild reaction, parents can take some initial steps to provide relief. However, they need to be well aware of the first aid which is to be given. This is to ensure that the first aid provided doesn’t intensify the reactions.
At times doctors may prescribe the parents to carry epinephrine auto injectors which show the right dose of epinephrine need to tackle the allergic reaction.
The bottom-line is that one should never try to diagnose and treat such allergic reactions in the baby all by themselves. A proper guidance from the doctor and vigilance on the part of the parent goes a long way in avoiding such allergic reactions in the infant.